AJPH First Look, published online ahead of print Dec 4, 2008
We examined abstinence rates among substance-dependent women receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in intensive case management (ICM) over 24 months and whether ICM yielded significantly better employment outcomes compared with a screen-and-refer program (i.e., usual care).
Abstinence rates were higher for the ICM group than for the usual care group through 24 months of follow-up (odds ratio [OR]=2.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.36, 3.29). A statistically significant interaction between time and group on number of days employed indicated that the rate of improvement over time in employment was greater for the ICM group than for the usual care group (incidence rate ratio=1.03; 95% CI=1.02, 1.04). Additionally, there were greater odds of being employed full time for those in the ICM group (OR=1.68; 95% CI=1.12, 2.51).
ICM is a promising intervention for managing substance dependence among women receiving TANF and for improving employment rates among this vulnerable population.
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